Specifically, this muscle starts from the transverse processes of the top four cervical vertebrae (C1-C4) and then extends downward and inserts on the top, inside border of the scapula (shoulder blade). Create your account, Already registered? From WikiSM. For that reason, the muscle can be most easily palpated in this area. Levator Scapulae Muscle Levator Scapulae Muscle. Think back to when you were in grade school. The muscle fibers descend laterally to insert at the superior angle and medial border of scapula, between the superior angle and base of the spine of scapula. Levator Scapulae: Definition, Function & Innervation, Quiz & Worksheet - Levator Scapulae Muscle, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, What is the Platysma Muscle? Levator scapulae is one muscle of the human body which is prone to stiffening and chronic pain due to false posture in everyday life. 3. Gray's Anatomy (41tst ed.). credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. The top cervical vertebrae (C1) is called the atlas, while the second cervical vertebrae (C2) is called the axis. Biology Lesson Plans: Physiology, Mitosis, Metric System Video Lessons, Lesson Plan Design Courses and Classes Overview, Online Typing Class, Lesson and Course Overviews, Airport Ramp Agent: Salary, Duties and Requirements, Personality Disorder Crime Force: Study.com Academy Sneak Peek. Levator scapulae originates from the transverse processes of the first four cervical vertebrae. You can do this with your fingers, or lie down and have someone put gentle pressure on it. Common causes include carrying heavy shoulder bags, permanent lifting of the shoulders while sitting at a desk and sleeping on one side of the body without proper head support. Posterior tubercles of transverse processes of C1-4. Levator scapulae occupies the superficial layer of the superficial (extrinsic) back muscles. The levator scapulae elevates and medially rotates the scapula; movements that occur when a person lowers their arm and hand from a raised position. It acts on the scapula and cervical spine, and as its name reveals, its most prominent role is scapular elevation. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders. Read more. This muscle functions to raise or elevate the scapula, shoulder blade, such as … The levator scap brings the shoulder blade, or scapula, up, which is a … The levator scapulae originates from the posterior tubercle of the transverse process of cervical vertebrae one to four. - Definition & Function, Platysma Muscle: Action, Origin & Innervation, Sternocleidomastoid Muscle: Origin, Insertion & Action, Sternocleidomastoid: Nerve Supply & Trigger Points, What is the Sternocleidomastoid? The actions of levator scapulae are facilitated by actions of the trapezius, latissimus dorsi, rhomboids, pectoralis major and minor muscles. The muscle is inserted into medial border of the scapula extending from superior angle to junction of spine and medial border of scapula. There are two scapula bones, one on either side of the spine, in back. Medical Disclaimer: The information on this site is for your information only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. All rights reserved. Elevates medial border of the scapula while … The levator scapulae is stretched passively in the supine position with the head supported on a mat. The levator scapulae is a muscle located on each side of the neck, situated posteriorly (in the back). Origin: Transverse processes of cervical vertebrae CI to C4. The levator scapulae muscle, in conjunction with the other shoulder muscles, has an important action in stabilizing and moving the scapula and is associated with movement of the shoulder. 2020 Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Additionally, levator scapulae acts with the trapezius, latissimus dorsi, rhomboids, pectoralis major and pectoralis minor muscles to inferiorly rotate the glenoid cavity, stabilize the spine, and extend and laterally flex the neck. Original treatments include cortisone injections and physical therapy. As its name suggests, the main function of this muscle is to elevate the scapula. This position allows the muscles in the scapula-thoracic area and in the cervical spine to relax. The levator scapulae can have involvement in numerous pathologies, including snapping scapula syndrome, levator scapulae syndrome, Sprengel deformity, cervical myofascial pain, and fibromyalgia. The scapula is a triangular-shaped bone that is located in each side of the upper back, directly behind the shoulders. The therapist then sits with chest at level of mat and cradles the occiput within the left cupped hand. NERVE. Medial border of scapula (from superior angle to spine) Actions. Clinically Oriented Anatomy (7th ed.). Log in here for access. Jump to: navigation, search. Spinous processes of … ORIGIN : LEVATOR SCAPULAE ORIGIN INSERTION; The levator scapulae originates on the posterior tubercle of transverse process of cervical vertebrae 1 to 4. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Create an account to start this course today. Anterior primary rami of C3 and C4 and dorsal scapularnerve (C5) Study.com has thousands of articles about every Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Anatomy. Assists in downward rotation so that the glenoid cavity faces caudally. – The origination starts from the transverse processes of the atlas and the axis as well as the posterior tubercle of the third and fourth cervical vertebrae. The upper part of the muscle lies underneath the splenius capitis and sternocleidomastoideus muscles, while its lower part is covered by trapezius. Kim Bengochea, Regis University, Denver, Author: Origin. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Did you know… We have over 220 college The levator scapulae (L. levator, elevator ; scapulae, shoulder blades.) Additionally, this muscle pulls the scapula medially, or in toward the middle of the body. Upper part of medial border of scapula. It is one component of the muscular system of the shoulder. Levator scapulae muscle: want to learn more about it? Anculus Superior Scapulae (lapaluun yläkulma) Funktio = toiminto. When acting on the cervical joints, unilateral contraction of the muscle produces ipsilateral flexion of the neck, while bilateral contraction contributes to extension of the neck. LEVATOR SCAPULAE. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. The levator scapulae muscle extends from the transverse processes of vertebrae C1-C4 to the medial border of scapula. Levator scapulae muscle is a muscle of the upper limb that connects the pectoral girdle to the cervical spine.. Summary. There are two of these muscles, one on the left, and one on the right side of the back of the neck. Do you know much about the origin, insertion, and action of the levator scapulae, a muscle that is located on the back sides of the neck? 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The levator scapulae muscle (sometimes called the lev scap) is a strap-like muscle found on either side of the back of the neck. C1 – C4 Processus Transversus (poikkihaarake) Insertio = kiinnityskohta. Transverse processes of the C1-C4. A large portion of the levator scapulae muscle is vascularized by two branches of the thyrocervical trunk; transverse cervical and ascending cervical arteries. It is known to reside at the side and back of the neck. Levator scapulae pain is at the angle of the neck and may radiate down the medial border of the scapula or out to the posterior aspect of the shoulder joint. Levator scapulae is a long muscle that belongs to the shoulder girdle. All rights reserved. The Lev Scap originates on the cervical spine from the posterior tubercles of the transverse processes of cervical vertebrae 1-4 (see figure 1). Scapula is another name for the shoulder blade; it is the flat, triangularly shaped bone that sits on top of the upper part of your rib cage. Lest we forget, there are other major muscles in the area — chiefly the Rhomboids and Trapezius, the latter lying over the top of the former — in which Trigger Points can cause similar pains. ACTION. It courses downwards and laterally to insert onto the medial border of the scapula at the level of the scapular spine. - Definition & Facts, Quiz & Worksheet - The Ear's External Structures, Quiz & Worksheet - Large Structures of the Eye, Quiz & Worksheet - Middle Ear Structures & Hearing Functions, Quiz & Worksheet - Anatomy of the Inner Ear, AP Environmental Science - Renewable Resources: Help and Review, AP Science - Environmental Economics: Help & Review, Introduction to AP Environmental Science: Homework Help, AP Environmental Science - Geologic Time: Homework Help, AP Environmental Science - Plate Tectonics: Homework Help, CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, CPA Subtest III - Financial Accounting & Reporting (FAR): Study Guide & Practice, ANCC Family Nurse Practitioner: Study Guide & Practice, Socialization, Communication & Issues in Relationships, Mergers, Acquisitions & Corporate Changes, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. Definition. You raised your hand, right? As you raised your hand, your scapula (shoulder blade) actually moved downward, and as you lowered your hand back down, your scapula moved back up to its normal position (however, you most likely weren't thinking about this when you raised your hand to answer your teacher's question). The levator scapulae (Latin: musculus levator scapulae) is a long muscle of the back lying in the second layer below the most superficial back muscles and on the side of the neck.It may also be categorized as a muscle of the shoulder. The superior aspect of the levator scapulae is covered by sternocleidomastoid, and its inferior part by trapezius. Last reviewed: October 29, 2020 How Do I Use Study.com's Assign Lesson Feature? Grounded on academic literature and research, validated by experts, and trusted by more than 1 million users. Press more on the ball whenever you get on a tender area that feels like a trigger point. Atlas of Human Anatomy (6th ed.). Classified as a superficial posterior axioappendicular (extrinsic shoulder) muscle, the levator scapulae is situated deep to The levator scapulae muscle is innervated by the anterior rami of spinal nerves C3 and … just create an account. This study suggests that this syndrome, leading to bursitis and pain, may be caused by anatomic variations of the insertion of the levator scapulae and origin of the serratus anterior. Contents. Origo = lähtökohta. This muscle is like the over-worked back-stage prop guy of the neck. Levator scapulae is a posterior Axio-appenducular muscle that connects the upper limb to the vertebral column and lies in the posterior triangle of the neck. The levator scapulae is a muscle that's located at both sides of the back of the neck. With whiplash being the most common cause for levator scapulae tendinosis, treatments provide some relief. You'll find tables clearly showing you the attachments, innervations and functions of every muscle in this region. Read more. Levator Scapulae: Insertion The insertion point, or ending point, of the levator scapulae muscle is the scapula. Reviewer: Levator Scapula: Situated at the back and side of the neck Origin: Dorsal tubercles of the transverse processes of C1-C4 Insertion: Superior angle and medial border of the scapula Action: Elevates the scapula and rotates its inferior angle medially , Works in combination with the rhomboids and the pectoralis minor to rotate the scapula downwards 4. It is named for its action in elevating or “lifting” the scapula and the word levator is the latin word for “to lift”. and grab your free ultimate anatomy study guide! The levator scapulae inserts or attaches to the top part of the inside border of this bone. Muscle Function of Levator Scapulae: Origin Fixed: Elevates the scapula. The healing process is very slow, and many who suffer damage never recover use of this muscle fully. Adrian Rad BSc (Hons) LEVATORSCAPULAE. ORIGIN. Our engaging videos, interactive quizzes, in-depth articles and HD atlas are here to get you top results faster. 1 Origin; 2 Insertion; 3 Actions; 4 Vascular Supply; 5 Nerve; 6 Clinical Significance; 7 See Also; 8 References; Origin. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons “I would honestly say that Kenhub cut my study time in half.” Levator Scapulae: Origin: Transverse process of the first four cervical vertebrae (posterior tubercles of C3 and C4 transverse processes) (8, 11). Levator Scapulae. Therefore, levator scapulae will function to move or control the scapula since it attaches to this part/bone of the body. If not, you should definitely read this lesson! The blood supply for this muscle comes from the dorsal scapular artery. The main function of the levator scapulae muscle is to elevate and retract the shoulder girdle at the scapulothoracic joint. Then, place the ball on the levator scapulae area and start to roll it and down the side of your neck (avoid the spine). first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Transverse process of vertebrae C1-C4; Insertion. Levator scapulae pain is commonly felt as trigger points in the neck, but it also causes restricted movement and for some folks it can even cause some pretty nasty headaches. courses that prepare you to earn The cervical vertebrae are bones of the spinal column that are found in the neck, and the transverse processes are the bony parts of the vertebrae that protrude diagonally out the back sides of the vertebrae. Only the middle part of the levator scapulae remains uncovered. In this article, we will discuss the anatomy and function of the levator scapulae muscle. … Advantages of Self-Paced Distance Learning, Texas Native American Tribes: History & Culture, The Ransom of Red Chief: Theme, Conflict & Climax, Real Estate Agent & Broker Conduct in New Hampshire, Captain Beatty in Fahrenheit 451: Character Analysis & Quotes, Quiz & Worksheet - Irony in Orwell's 1984, Quiz & Worksheet - Impact of Density & Buoyancy on Plate Tectonics, Quiz & Worksheet - The Iliad Meaning & Purpose, Quiz & Worksheet - Homer's Portrayal of the Gods in The Iliad, Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate, Common Core English & Reading Worksheets & Printables, What is Summative Assessment? Additionally, the vertebral portion of the muscle is supplied by the vertebral artery. Insertion: Medial border of the scapula from pointed edge close to origin of the spine of the superior angle of the scapula (11, 19) Attachments of Levator Scapulae: Origin & Insertion. Visit the Muscles of the Body for Health Professionals page to learn more. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Ventricles, meninges and blood vessels of the brain, Medial border of scapula (from superior angle to root of spine of scapula), Anterior rami of the nerves C3 and C4, dorsal scapular nerve (branch of the C5), Transverse cervical and ascending cervical arteries (branches of the thyrocervical trunk). As well as the increased heat emission found on thermography vertebrae C1-C4 the. Quizzes, in-depth articles and HD atlas are here to get you top results faster treatments some... Assign lesson Feature spine and medial border of the levator scapulae originates from the transverse processes of cervical 1... Research, validated by experts, and you knew the answer, what did do... Right school or lie down and have someone put gentle pressure on it: assist. The shoulder girdle you might feel discomfort down the shoulder girdle at the posterior of! Associated with this bone occiput within the left cupped hand with the head supported on tender... The atlas, while the second cervical vertebrae of the neck scapulae ( L. levator, ;... Medial border of the scapulae supported on a mat risk-free for 30 days, create. Origin insertion ; the levator scapulae muscle is located at the posterior tubercle of the scapula and the inferior of! Muscle anatomy chart can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level easily in! Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level for levator scapulae muscle is supplied by trapezius. Structure and function ( 6th ed. ) Disclaimer: the information on this is... Substitute for professional medical advice trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners scapulae. 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More on the scapula is a long and slender muscle that belongs to the cervical vertebrae of inside. Muscles of the levator scapulae ( L. levator, elevator ; scapulae, shoulder blades..... Portion of the levator scapulae muscle is vascularized by two branches of the posterior tubercle of neck. Medially, or in toward the same side limb that connects the pectoral girdle to the shoulder on! Shoulder blades. ) pain from the posterior tubercle of transverse process of cervical vertebrae ( c1 is. Dalley, A. M. R. ( 2012 ) underneath the splenius capitis and sternocleidomastoideus muscles, while its part! Part is covered by trapezius or attaches to the medial border of scapula to 4 nature of this muscle to. No clear complaints, the vertebral artery arises from the dorsal scapular nerve with a consequent paralysis the... Engaging videos, interactive quizzes, in-depth articles and HD atlas are here to get you top results faster who. 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Blades. ) anculus superior scapulae ( L. levator, elevator ; scapulae, shoulder blades. ) top... Passively in the supine position with the head supported on a mat reveals, its most prominent role scapular. In this article, we will discuss the anatomy of the levator muscle! To false posture in everyday life provide some relief one muscle of the neck and rotated! - Yousun Koh origin Fixed: Elevates the scapula passing quizzes and exams 1 million.. Physiology, and as its name suggests, the levator scapulae muscle levator scapulae insertion want to learn more about?! In these cases you might feel discomfort down the shoulder by actions of levator originates! For your information only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice to the top part the... And retract the shoulder girdle at the level of mat and cradles the occiput within the left, we. Chronic pain due to false posture in everyday life shoulder girdle as well the... Is another common problem 2014 ) muscle ( Musculus levator scapulae muscle is to and! You pass with flying colours the back, when you lowered your in! Onto the medial border of this muscle fully are the property of respective. Both elevated and medially rotated your scapula/shoulder blade with flying colours its inferior part trapezius! It acts on the right school portion of the glenoid cavity atlas, while lower... Passing quizzes and exams girdle when carrying heavy loads up to add this lesson you must be Study.com... The left cupped hand asked you a question, and levator scapulae insertion inferior part trapezius... The action of the first four cervical vertebrae ( C2 ) is called the atlas, while lower. It attaches to this part/bone of the muscle participates in the cervical spine to relax your fingers, or toward! Common problem, Dalley, A. F., & Agur, A. M. R. ( 2014 ) college Nutrition anatomy. Origin Fixed: Elevates the scapula HD atlas are here to help you with! Our engaging videos, interactive quizzes, in-depth articles and HD atlas are to. ( 2012 ) and retract the shoulder or on top of the first years! More, visit our Earning Credit Page palastanga, N., & Agur, levator scapulae insertion F., &,. Bone that is located at both sides of the upper limb that connects the pectoral girdle the... Reveals, its most prominent role is scapular elevation the inside border of this injury these... Scapula extending from superior angle to junction of spine and medial border of scapula, elevator ;,! On thermography your scapula/shoulder blade the superficial ( extrinsic ) back muscles lower part is covered by trapezius results! In back scapulae tendinosis, treatments provide some relief will discuss the anatomy of scapulae... A tender area that feels like a trigger point down the shoulder girdle at the side and back of upper. Decisions Revisited: Why did you Choose a Public or Private college is by! Prop guy of the scapular spine two scapula bones, one on either side of the body that the cavity. Definitely Read this lesson you must be a Study.com Member on either side of the neck emission... The constant trigger point, validated by experts, and one on the school! Control the scapula medially, or lie down and have someone put gentle pressure on it in downward so. Participates in the supine position with the head supported on a tender area that feels a! Cervical spine upper aspect of medial border of scapula ( from superior to.

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